People living with HIV (PLWH) experience a disproportionate rate of trauma compared to the general population and trauma’s association with poorer treatment adherence, health outcomes and increased risk behavior has long been known. Current literature examines sources and experiences of trauma among PLWH, including intimate partner violence, gender violence, experiencing and witnessing violence, child abuse, sexual abuse, and racism. The purpose of this study is to explore whether trauma-informed care is systemically integrated in HIV care settings in California and examines how different health care and social service providers define trauma-informed care and how they translate existing knowledge into practice. It compares these practices and notions with models of trauma-informed care emerging from the literature.
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