Publications

HIV and Incarceration: Reviewing the Policy Issues

Among the most glaring health disparities in California is the disproportionate prevalence of HIV among individuals in the correctional system. These individuals are also disproportionately African-American and Latino and many experience repeated arrests and releases over their lifetimes. Interventions carried out during incarceration or post-release have the potential to impact not only the HIV positive inmates, but also the communities to which they return. This Policy Brief elucidates the problem and recommends policies that prisons and jails in California could undertake to reduce new infections and treat existing ones.

Proposed ADAP Cost-Sharing Threatens the Health of Californians Living with HIV/AIDS

Faced with a projected $9 billion state budget deficit in Fiscal Year 2012-13, Governor Brown proposed significant changes in funding for California’s AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP) in his January budget, including steep cost-sharing fees which will impact half of the program’s 42,000 low-income beneficiaries. The new fees would for the first time require ADAP beneficiaries with incomes between 101 and 400 percent of Federal Poverty Level (FPL) to pay out of pocket before they could access ADAP’s life-saving HIV/AIDS drug regimens. The individuals affected have incomes between $10,891 and $43,560 annually. Additionally, ADAP beneficiaries with incomes between $43,561 and...

How Will Proposed Medi-Cal Cost Sharing Affect People Living With HIV in California?

California Gov. Brown proposed Medicaid co-payments that would impose significant financial barriers on the receipt of medical care by persons living with HIV (PLWH), who require substantial amounts of Medi-Cal care annually. This analysis quantifies those costs based on actual medical utilization experience of PLWH in California in prior years. PLWH average 10.3 outpatient visits a year. Copayments for these visits as well as for emergency room visits, medications, inpatient and dental care would impose cost-sharing on the average PLWH in California of over $312. PLWH who use the most services could face charges of up to $4760. If hard...

California’s HIV Surveillance System: Ensuring that it Fully Reflects Caseload

In order to develop a surveillance system for California that best serves public health needs and assures the state of obtaining its “fair share” of Ryan White funding, this policy brief recommends: 1) expanding outreach efforts; 2)erasing the distinct on between and HIV and AIDS status to redeploy resources used in reclassification; 3) assuring that all persons receiving RW services are listed in the names-based registry; 4) providing local health jurisdictions with limited access to the state HIV registry; 5) collecting more information at the t me of a preliminary positive HIV test; 6) publishing data on numbers of HIV...

How Can California Overcome Barriers to Expanding CARE/HIPP Enrollment?

The Comprehensive AIDS Resources Emergency/Health Insurance Premium Payment Program (CARE/HIPP) subsidizes private insurance premiums for low income persons living with HIV (PLWH) who are disabled and unable to work. Many of these PLWH would otherwise be eligible to receive medication through the AIDS Drug Assistance Program (ADAP). Cost-benefit analyses demonstrate that it costs more than twice as much to provide HIV drugs through ADAP as through CARE/HIPP. Thus, expanding CARE/HIPP enrollments could relieve pressure on ADAP budgets. This Policy Brief proposes policy changes needed to overcome barriers to increased CARE/HIPP enrollments, including: 1) Aligning eligibility requirements for ADAP and CARE/HIPP,...

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